Carrier is celebrating the 111th birthday of modern air-conditioning.
Global comfort conditioning OEM Carrier is a unit of United Technologies Corp. Carrier related that its founder, Dr. Willis H. Carrier, invented air-conditioning in 1902. It is generally acknowledged that modern air-conditioning has enabled industries to flourish.
On July 17, 1902, Dr. Carrier developed a design to control the humidity at the Sackett & Wilhelms Lithography and Printing Company in Brooklyn, NY, which enabled the paper used in the printing process to remain a constant dimension.
Early industrial adopters of this cool innovation was the film industry, using it to stabilize humidity and advance filmmaking by preventing the iconic white specks, common in classic movies, from developing on film reels.
The film industry--and one of the modern high-profile consumer introductions to air-conditioning--came in 1925 with Carrier's installation of air-conditioning in the Rivoli Theatre in New York (pictured).
Theaters soon became havens from the summer heat, vastly increasing ticket sales during a what had been a traditionally slow summer season, and giving rise to the "summer blockbuster."
The first home installations of air-conditioning took place in 1926, when Carrier's introduced the first residential models, and the application has become widespread in the intervening decades.
Carrier estimates that 87% of U.S. homes currently have some form of air-conditioning.
Photo of the Rivoli Theatre in New York courtesy Lou Rugani and cinematreasures.org.
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